It also starts the clock for your boss and your company, kicking off the transition plan of training, hiring, and otherwise covering your impending departure. The bad examples here are all too vague. With the last one, you're aligning yourself with company policy, which is good, but it still doesn't tell the reader how much notice that actually is. Be as specific as possible on the time you have between now and your last day.
Breaking up is hard to do, but pouring your heart out on paper is rather awkward. There is really no need for any other information in your resignation letter (including a reason __ which is completely optional). No effusive template and formatting effort is required. This is not a letter that is going to be hanging on anyone's wall, and it probably won't even be filed away!