Spot the Signs. According to Alison Green, who writes the blog Ask a Manager, this is common practice for some industries, especially if you're leaving to work for a direct competitor. However, in those situations, you'll likely know it's coming and can prepare accordingly.
Basic of a Resignation Letter. There's no need to sugarcoat or get creative in the beginning; just state the position you're resigning from and the effective date. While you probably shared with your boss your reasons for leaving, you don't need to describe them here__keeping it simple is perfectly fine.