How to write an excellent resignation letter. Whatever the language, the sentiment is the same: I'm outta here. However, as a professional person, you need to express that maturely and firmly__ideally, one that doesn't alienate anyone at the job you're leaving. I'm sure we all have that fantasy where we tell off everyone who wronged us on the way out the door, but that person in the fantasy/movie/TV show never seems to have to live with the consequences afterward.
And sure, this could be an email (all of the same principles would apply), but a letter makes things official in every sense. It also gives you a prop to take along to the face_to_face meeting with your boss, when you let him or her know that you're leaving.