And sure, this could be an email (all of the same principles would apply), but a letter makes things official in every sense. It also gives you a prop to take along to the face_to_face meeting with your boss, when you let him or her know that you're leaving.
After that, you're ready to close out your letter and move on. The basic closings are fine here__again, you don't need to go overly sentimental or formal, but you should also write as if it will be read by anyone at the company. And with that signing flourish, you're done! You've resigned, and you're ready for your exciting new job.