Even those that require you give a certain amount of "notice" before you quit your current job (two_week notice is standard) often may not provide any formal requirement that you do so by writing a letter of resignation or explain in detail why you're leaving.
Prepare for It. This one is easy. All you have to do is smile and say "Thank you so much for your support. I've enjoyed my time here and I've learned a lot from you. Let me know what I can do to make the transition easier." Are you always going to get reaction number five? Probably not. But if you look for the signs, you can likely anticipate your boss' response, go into the conversation prepared, and come out stronger on the other side. Then, you can breathe a sign of relief and start looking forward to starting your new position.