Your End Date. The most crucial detail in a resignation letter is your end date. Legally and according to your company's policy, you might be required to give a minimum amount of notice (two weeks, or possibly more, depending on the company and the role). If that's the case, you don't want there to be any confusion about how much notice you give. If it's right there in writing in a letter dated two weeks before your last day, you're saving yourself the hassle.
The Thank You. Next, it's always a good idea to thank your employer for the opportunity, describing some of the key things you've enjoyed and learned on the job. And yes, this is true even if you're thrilled to be leaving. Remember__you may need these people for a reference down the line, and leaving things on a good note will leave a lasting (positive) impression.