State Your Intent. The whole theme of your resignation letter is the statement that, well, you resign. You don't need to play coy__the time has passed for you to fish around for a counteroffer if it's gotten this far. At this point, you've made your decision to leave, and this letter needs to reflect that.
Prepare for It. Like the situation above, you should go into the conversation knowing how you'll respond if your boss asks you to extend your notice. If you've landed another job offer and have already set a start date, this may not be possible__so practice sticking to your guns: "Because I have a new opportunity lined up, my last day here is firm.