Basic of a Resignation Letter. There's no need to sugarcoat or get creative in the beginning; just state the position you're resigning from and the effective date. While you probably shared with your boss your reasons for leaving, you don't need to describe them here__keeping it simple is perfectly fine.
Even if you're not close with your boss, chances are you have a working, first_name_basis relationship. Maintaining that in your official letter is okay. You don't need to keep a Victorian level of formality here__just make sure it's a professional tone.