It also starts the clock for your boss and your company, kicking off the transition plan of training, hiring, and otherwise covering your impending departure. The bad examples here are all too vague. With the last one, you're aligning yourself with company policy, which is good, but it still doesn't tell the reader how much notice that actually is. Be as specific as possible on the time you have between now and your last day.
Or meet up with said colleagues at an industry event, because the world is awkwardly small. So it's in your best interest to make sure that your resignation letter is clear, concise, and polite. Here are some best practices you can follow to make your big exit a professional one.