The Hand_off. Finally, state your willingness to help out with the transition. You don't need to go into great detail (and definitely don't promise anything you can't deliver), but a couple of lines stating that you'll ensure a smooth wrap_up of your duties will show that you're in the game until the very end. Obviously, feel free to adjust this a bit based on your experience and your company culture, then submit it via the typical procedures at your company.
A resignation letter can also help your boss and your company start the transition process, get a replacement for you approved, and start planning internally, etc. The paper trail is beneficial all around. So what should go into your letter? Let's look at some examples of what to do (and perhaps more importantly, what not to do).