You'll have plenty of time to vent personally about your work grievances as you leave, but really, you stand to gain nothing by putting negativity into your resignation letter. And unless you're leaving the state and your current industry, you always run the risk of running into the same people later on. So you're far better off taking the high road and making sure your exit is a classy one.
If You Want to Do More Than Just the Basics with Your Resignation Letter. You can always write more, and craft a longer resignation letter, but the truth is that it isn't necessary. You can add a portion of the note where you thank your manager or boss for the opportunities and time you have had together, or add that you hope to keep in touch, but in reality, if you really feel this way you probably should make an effort and find an opportunity to say these things in person (rather than getting an email).