Why might you still want to write a resignation letter? Many experts believe that writing a formal or even a basic resignation letter when you're leaving your current job helps make you seem more courteous and professional. However, the real reason to write a resignation letter is to create a paper trail documenting that you have given notice (if your employer requires two weeks notice or some other amount of notice) on a certain date, and to formally kick of the process should there be any legal hiccups (quite rare) with incorrectly processing your final paycheck and last day of benefits.
Otherwise, look to the history of your company. How have your boss and other managers handled employees' resignations? If you see a pattern of upper management refusing to let the team members work out their notice, you can likely expect the same.