The Hand_off. Finally, state your willingness to help out with the transition. You don't need to go into great detail (and definitely don't promise anything you can't deliver), but a couple of lines stating that you'll ensure a smooth wrap_up of your duties will show that you're in the game until the very end. Obviously, feel free to adjust this a bit based on your experience and your company culture, then submit it via the typical procedures at your company.
A Professional Greeting. Your letter should be addressed to your boss. There's a good chance that this letter will merely end up in a file in HR, but it starts with your boss. Assuming this is someone with whom you work reasonably close with on a daily basis, it doesn't have to be super stiff and formal. Specific and professional is the right tone here.